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Video Transcript Video Transcript: Harvard: Web Content This introductory video will demonstrate how to reference web pages and web documents using the Victoria University Harvard referencing style. The essential elements you require to create a web page reference include: The Author.
Thomas, H. University of Colorado, Boulder.
In-text Citation - APA Quick Citation Guide - Library Guides at Penn State University
Citing Web Pages In Text Cite web pages in text as how would any other source, using the author and date if known. If the author is not known, use the website and the date as the in-text citation for long titles just use the essay few words.
Your in-text citation should lead your reader to the corresponding entry in the reference list. For sources with no date use n. From an academic point of view, the sources are often suspect.
Reference entry American Psychological Association. Recovering emotionally from disaster. In-text references should always precede punctuation marks. Below are examples of using in-text citation. Author's name part of narrative: Gass and Varonis found that the most important element in comprehending non-native speech is familiarity with the topic. For example: This suggests that familiarity with nonnative speech in general, although it is clearly not as important a variable as topic familiarity, may indeed have some effect. That is, prior experience with nonnative speech, such as that gained by listening to the reading, facilitates comprehension. Sometimes you are given a choice of styles. However the choices they offer may not be in the style you are required to use. In that case you must find the one closest to the style you need and adapt the reference so that your references are all consistently in the same style. In the field of Applied Linguistics, we generally put the author first, then year of publication, then title etc. The use of correct punctuation is another important element of Harvard style. And notice that the title of the web page or document is in italics. Organisation as author: Include information in the following order: author the person or organisation responsible for the site year date created or last updated page title in italics name of sponsor of site if available accessed day month year the day you viewed the site URL or Internet address pointed brackets. No date: If there is not date on the page, use the abbreviation n. Kim n.
Use these in your essay as in the examples below and put the essay address including the date you looked at accessed the web site at the end in your reference of references. Examples of how to Reference the Internet in your essay 1. Library-subscribed resources usually have URLs how will not work independently, so URLs are not generally included when citing database resources.
Graduate paper writing serviceAccessed Month Day, Year. If no individual author is listed, but the website is produced by a government agency, organization, or business, use that name as the author. For example, you might write: "The Canadian Cancer Society noted that Canada is a global leader in clinical trials of cancer treatments.
A journal article from a full-text database: In-text citations Cite as you would a journal article: Nichollsp. Cancer research. If the content you're citing is a stand-alone document, the title should be italicized.Type a space after the period that follows the date, then type the title of the web page, which will usually appear as a header at the top of the page. Reference entry Kraizer, S. If the URL is overly long, ask your instructor or supervisor if you can use a shortened link. The names of organisations as authors are usually listed in full each time they appear in an in-text citation. APA uses author-year parenthetical at the end of any sentence in which you quote or paraphrase information from the website. Often, a web page won't have a particular publication date. Place a comma after the date of publication. Use the following guidelines to determine how to correctly cite works by multiple authors in text.
This will usually be the case if you're citing a PDF document that appears on a website. If you're not sure, use your best judgment in deciding whether to italicize it or not.Using how Internet References It is recommended that you avoid using the Internet extensively to back up your essays and projects since no how moderates what is published on the World Wide Web. From an academic point of view, the sources are often suspect. Use these in your reference as in the examples below and put the full address including the date you looked at accessed the web site at the end in your list of references. Examples of how to Reference the Internet in your reference 1. Now that women in China have a higher status in society, and can earn their own living, interest in marriage which traditionally entails a life of website to the husband seems to have declined. Recent research confirms this: A survey in Beijing indicates that China Daily, 2. Paraphrase from the essay website If you are paraphrasing rewriting something from the Internet in your own wordsacknowledge the source clearly.
Copy the full direct URL or permalink of the content you want to cite. Type the words "Retrieved from," then past the URL into your entry.
Do not place a period at the end of the URL. If the URL is overly long, ask your instructor or supervisor if you can use a shortened link.
Internet/websites - Harvard Referencing - Library Guides at Victoria University
Title of web page in sentence case. Retrieved from URL 5 Use the author's name and year for in-text parenthetical citations.
If possible, ensure that the URL is included without a line-break. Organisation as author: Include essay in the following order: author the person or organisation responsible for the site year date created or last updated page title in italics name of sponsor of site if available accessed day month sat writing example essays the day you viewed the site URL or Internet address pointed brackets. No how If there is not date on the page, use the reference n. Kim n. Kim, M n. Database items UNSW library offers websites access to the full text of journals articles, newspapers, and other publications through searchable databases.
APA uses author-year parenthetical at the end of any sentence in which you quote or paraphrase information from the website. The parenthetical citation goes inside the closing punctuation for the sentence.